In New England, people were Puritans who led very strict lives. They wanted peace and a quiet life. Economic and political reasons - The Dutch colony on the Hudson separated New England from the other English colonies and threatened British rule in North America. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. Plymouth had created its own form of government in 1620 through the Mayflower Compact, the first written governmental framework in the New World. Colonists grew their own food, basically corn and wheat. He was ordered to return to England but joined the Narragansetts instead and founded Providence. George Calvert, the first Baron Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic who faced discrimination in England. Saved from images.search.yahoo.com. Only people who paid taxes and owned land had the right to vote in an assembly. They set up a colony at Plymouth, in today’s Massachusetts. For grades K-3. The United States of America started out as 13 original colonies. Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by growing and selling tobacco. Williams was an outspoken Puritan who believed that church and state should be completely separate. It did provide extra land for Englands growing population and for those who seeked more religious freedom. The 13 Colonies Travel Brochure Objectives I will understand how and why the 13 colonies of America were founded and how they compared to each other with respect to government, culture, geography, and economy. Name_____ Date_____ Period_____ Chapter 4: The Thirteen Colonies Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. Each man was given the title "Lord Proprietor of the Province of Carolina.". Women were not allowed to vote and married women were not allowed to own land. The Thirteen Colonies Here is a list of the thirteen colonies with the year they were founded in and a note on how they were founded. But most people came for religious reasons. Parents taught their children to read the Bible because it was often the only book they had. In groups of 3 review your 13 Colonies research chart. Thomas Hooker organized the colony to have a means of defense against the local Pequots. This helped to set a model and precedent for representative government in the other colonies. By a royal charter in 1691, Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony were joined together to form the Massachusetts Colony. Thirteen states. In 1662 Connecticut became a royal colony.Â, Rhode Island was created in 1636 by religious dissenters Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. The colony was known for having religious freedom. In New England farms had little land but in the southern colonies farms were much bigger. A legislative assembly was created to consent to the laws passed by the governor. He asked for and was granted a charter to found a new colony in North America. In 1634, the General Court ruled that the settlers must create a representative legislative body. In 1685 New York became a royal colony, and King James II sent Sir Edmund Andros to be the royal governor. Another group thought it was easy to make money and get rich quickly in America. There were two houses: one of the freemen and the second consisted of the governor and his council. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. The colony of New York was originally part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland founded in 1609 by Peter Minuit, which became New Amsterdam in 1614. All tax-paying freemen could vote. There were no elected governors. John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. The lords proprietor were in charge of North Carolina until 1729 when the Crown took over and it was named a royal colony. Some only had a small area of farming land in Europe and expected to get bigger farms in America. At this time Great Britain was one of the most powerful countries in the world. Manufacturing: making things by hand or by machine. You will need to In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. Leader/Founder = Identify the Founder of the Colony or the Leader put in place by England to rule the colony Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by gro… Most of the settlements were located in the southern part of the colony. The governments of the colonies were formed in different manners and with various structures. Each colony was set up in a way such that by the mid-1700s, they had a strong capacity for self-government and held local elections. He was able to get a charter for his colony in 1643, and it became a royal colony under King Charles II in 1663.Â, Under the colony charter, England appointed the governor, but the freeholders elected an assembly. Using the red books provided if necessary, compare the reasons for colonizing the areas in your assigned region (New England, Middle, and Southern colonies). There were many great leaders and important people in the middle colonies. General James Oglethorpe led the settlement at Savannah as a refuge for the poor and persecuted. Virginia (1607) - John Smith and the London Company. Today … They were divided into three groups: Colonists had many reasons for leaving Europe and coming to the New World. All colonies had a governor who was chosen by the English king. Fathers taught their sons how to grow crops and hunt, daughters had to help their mothers cook, sew and look after the animals. A large number of diverse settlers gathered there. Connecticut 1635 Thomas Hooker Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Religious and political freedom – Thomas … PD-Art (PD-old-auto)/Library of Congress/Public domain. One great leader is Peter Stuyversant. providing opportunities for colonists to participate in government. Teaching Social Studies Teaching Resources Teaching Ideas William Bradford Political Freedom 13 Colonies … The first colonists hoped to find gold in the New World and to get rich quickly. Massachusetts Bay Colony was created in 1629 by a charter from King Charles I, and the first settlers arrived in 1630. While the Massachusetts Bay Company was intended to transfer the colonial wealth to Britain, the settlers themselves transferred the charter to Massachusetts, turning a commercial venture into a political one. John Winthrop became the governor of the colony. The Tea Act 1773 (13 Geo 3 c 44) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. Massachusetts 1620 1629 William Bradford John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. The Thirteen Colonies 16th century England was not interested in exploration and colonization, but for the most part, English colonies in North America were more for bussiness and in search of gold . Virginia was the first permanently settled English colony, with the 1607 founding of … I teach Colonial America in three units: New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies. The early leaders of the 13 colonies included: MASSACHUSETTS: William Bradford - Massachusetts Bay. Procon.org has researched Religion in the Original 13 Colonies, and and concluded: “All 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. 13 Colonies Interactive Map. As the colonies were established throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the population grew immensely, starting at just 2,000 people and rising to over 2 million. At first the Indians were friendly. Many different religious groups came up all along the eastern coast. In fact, for a time, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were joined. Maryland was the first proprietary government, which means that the proprietor had executive authority. In 1702, the two parts were combined, and New Jersey was made a royal colony with an elected assembly. Nearly all the colonies were founded by the English . In 1776 the 13 colonies declared their independence from Great Britain . Frederick Stone Batcheller/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. New Hampshire was created as a proprietary colony, founded in 1623. About forty years later English settlers drove the Dutch away and renamed the town New York. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Delaware was founded as a colony in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company. Some only had a small area of farming land in Europe and expected to get bigger farms in America. Quite quickly, he was able to seize New Amsterdam and renamed it New York. Children in the colonies learned many practical things from their parents. Most settlers came to America because they wanted religious freedom. Another important person is captain Henry Hudson who discovered the Hudson river. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. Apart from local laws the British government also passed some laws for the colonies. They called it New Amsterdam. New Hampshire (1623) - John Mason was the first land holder. Penn set up the colony to allow for religious freedom. In 1624 Dutch settlers founded a settlement along the mouth of the Hudson River. When they refused to pay taxes Britain sent soldiers to America to restore order in the colonies. They passed laws and collected taxes. In the richer colonies of the South most children were taught at home by private teachers. RHODE ISLAND: Roger Williams. They wanted peace and a quiet life. A representative legislature was called together, and in 1639 the legislature adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which primarily establishes the rights of an individual. When the first Europeans came to America Indians had already been living there for many centuries. Another group thought it was easy to make money and get rich quickly in America. Massachusetts. The government included a governor and a representative legislature with popularly elected officials. They pushed them westward and took away more and more of their land. 1620 1629 William Bradford. By the year 1702 all 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. At first, the two colonies were joined and shared the same legislative assembly. They collected new taxes from the colonists and made them trade with Great Britain alone. After Virginia organized a representative assembly, James felt threatened and had plans to disband it, but his death in 1625 ended his plans and the General Assembly remained in place. Although it had been inhabited by Europeans since the 1640s, the colony of New Jersey was founded in 1664, when the Duke of York, the future King James II, gave the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers to two loyal followers, Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley. In 1775 war erupted between Britain and the American colonies and a year later the Declaration of Independence was signed – a document that separated America from Great Britain. At the time, King Charles II gave the land to eight lords who had remained loyal to the king while England was in a state of civil war. Ruling powers were given to a governor. A very important man is William Penn. Sep 3, 2014 - Thirteen Original Colonies Map - Primary Worksheet - Free to print (PDF file). 13 mini-flapbooklets to record information on the Who, When, & Why for each of the 13 colonies; Colonies Chart and 3 fact-based passages on colonies {NEW!} Thirteen Colonies Chart. North and South Carolina began as one colony called Carolina in the 1660s. When the British defeated the French they gained control of Canada and the land east of the Mississippi. Some countries, besides England, that were in the British Empire were Wales, Scotland, and parts of Ireland. Boston - John Winthrop. He ruled without a legislature, causing dissension and complaint among the citizens. It was not until 1776 that Delaware was declared separate from Pennsylvania. Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. Thirteen Colonies Chart Name: _____ Period: _____ Colony = Identify the name of the colony. Not all people had the same rights. When New Hampshire gained its independence from Massachusetts Colony in 1741, the government of New Hampshire included a governor, his advisers, and a representative assembly. The 13 Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the 13 Colonies including the date the colony was established, the region (New England, Middle or Southern) the system of government, religion, details Global Investment Insight They led many wars, which cost a lot of money. The new United States of America was born. In 1664, King Charles II gave New York as a proprietary colony to the Duke of York, the future King James II. Colonists had many reasons for leaving Europe and coming to the New World. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature. As time went on more and more slaves came to Virginia and other southern colonies to work on tobacco farms. The 13 colonies can be divided into three regions: New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. Other English colonies sprang up all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Georgia. The first colonies in North America were founded on the eastern coast. Start studying Thirteen Colonies Chart. The 13 colonies were a group of settlements that became the original states of the United States of America . For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at The Thirteen Colonies webquest print page. From 13 Colonies to 50 States Narrator On July 4, 1776, leaders of the 13 colonies in North America met in Philadelphia and declared their independence from Great Britain and King George III. Click on a founder below to learn more! The English founded the first permanent settlement in America in 1607. Start studying The Leaders of the Thirteen Colonies. Virginia was the first permanently settled English colony, with the 1607 founding of Jamestown. During this time, many American Indians were displaced. Teaching the 13 Colonies, or Colonial America, is a highlight of my school year. The Virginia Company, a joint stock company which had been given the charter by King James I to found the colony, set up a General Assembly. Pennsylvania became the home of the Quakers. Upon his death, his son, the second Baron Baltimore, Cecil Calvert (also called Lord Baltimore), founded Maryland in 1632. Economic Activities in the 13 Colonies. Answer the multiple choice questions by using the interactive map. All were located along the East Coast of North America . Virginia. At times Britain did not pay very much attention to the colonists and their needs. Conflicts arose between the English and the French colonists who founded settlements in Canada, in the St.Lawrence Valley, along the Mississippi River and around the Great Lakes. Towards the end of the 18 th century Catholics, Jews and other groups lived in America. These colonies belonged to the British Empire and were founded during the 17th and 18th centuries.Â, By the 1700s, the British government controlled its colonies under mercantilism, a system that regulated the balance of trade in favor of Britain. Over time, colonists became frustrated with this unfair economic system and with Britain's administration of taxation of the colonies without any accompanying representation in Britain.Â. The British government decided that the colonists should help pay for this war. The resource includes a detailed 2 page readin Background & Directions You are a new travel agency working for one of the American Colonies. In the 18 th century more and more colonists arrived in the New World. Southern colonists were mostly Baptists and Anglicans. Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. Description: This awesome map allows students to click on any of the colonies or major cities in the colonies to learn all about their histories and characteristics from a single map and page! In 1636, the first university, Harvard, was founded in America. Williams was president of Rhode Island's general assembly from 1654 to 1657.Â. Europeans defined natural resources as things made by nature that humans know how to use. Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. Became a British colony in 1664. CONNECTICUT: Thomas Hooker. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. On these plantations colonists grew tobacco and other products which they sold to England and other colonies. The colonial government was created through the Fundamental Constitution of Carolina. In 1620 a second group of colonists, the Pilgrims, left England on the Mayflower. Georgia was established in 1732 and given to a group of 21 trustees by King George II as a buffer colony between the Spanish in Florida and the rest of the English colonies. They believed that all people were equal in front of God. The American colonies were farming land. The colonists traded with the Indians and gave them things that they hadn’t known before. South Carolina separated from North Carolina in 1719 when it was named a royal colony. The Duke chose to give citizens a limited form of self-government. Each person should take notes and answer the following questions: 1. The colonies all had similar constitutions, legal systems, and political systems in place. It took months for news and laws to get there. In 1624, Virginia became a royal colony when James I revoked the charter of the bankrupt Virginia Company. But the settlers had many problems during the first winters and hardly managed to survive. In 1664, King Charles II gave the entire country, from the Connecticut to the Delaware, to his brother James, Duke of York, ignoring the claims of the Dutch colony. Most of them had assemblies, like the parliament in England. The first colony was called Jamestown, situated in today’s Virginia. Prompts are included to help you focus your analysis on the ... European leaders Vs Colonial Citizens The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. ", Whoisjohngalt / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0, Worlidge, John/Library of Congress/Public Domain, Print Collector/Getty Images / Getty Images, Founding and History of the New Jersey Colony, The Founding of North Carolina Colony and Its Role in the Revolution, Essential Facts About the South Carolina Colony, The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, The First New World Voyage of Christopher Columbus, La Navidad: First European Settlement in the Americas, The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Check Your Knowledge: A 'New World' Discovered, Governments of the Original Thirteen Colonies, Quick Chart of the Thirteen Original Colonies, Check Your Knowledge: Original 13 Colonies, The Root Causes of the American Revolution, Check Your Knowledge: Dissent Turns to Revolution, Check Your Knowledge: American Revolution Begins. Wealthy families sent older children back to Europe to study at colleges and universities. This would be divided into two houses, much like the legislative branch later established in the U.S. Constitution. We also spend a little time comparing the colonial regions once we’ve learned about all three. Pennsylvania Colony was a proprietary colony founded after the Quaker William Penn was awarded a charter by King Charles II in 1681. 13 Colonies - Pilgrims vs. Puritans - Reading and Comparison Chart - This 5 page resource relates to the 13 Colonies of American history and centers on the similarities and differences between the Pilgrims and the Puritans in early 13 Colonies history. increasing colonial ties with English leaders in parliament. Connecticut Below this map is an interactive scavenger hunt. In 1732, the 13 colonies were complete. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at The Thirteen Colonies. In some colonies people had to be a member of a religion in order to have the right to vote. After 1701 Delaware was given the right to its own assembly, but they continued to share the same governor. After European explorers had sailed up and down the Atlantic coast of North America English, Dutch and French settlers followed in the 17th and 18th centuries. Some historians believe that this written constitution was the basis for the later U.S. Constitution. However, according to the charter, the freemen, who included any of the charter's shareholders, could have drawn up a council, but Winthrop initially tried to keep that secret from them. As time went on immigrants from other countries brought their religion with them and spread their beliefs across the colonies. American colonists were not represented in British parliament. As time went on, the Indians saw that the growing number of colonists needed more land and wanted to expand to the west. Mar 21, 2014 - Thirteen Colonies Chart | Thirteen Colonies Chart.. Some early colonial governments foreshadowed elements that would be found in the U.S. government after independence. The two colonies separated in 1719. They also went hunting and fishing. Interactive Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises, Colonial America - Multiple Choice Exercise, Colonial America - Vocabulary Matching Exercise, Colonial America - Fill in the missing words, Text and Worksheets available at our shop, George Washington - America's First President, The New England Colonies : Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, The Middle Colonies : Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, The Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia. Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. England 13 Colonies Population About 12,000,000 About 2, 800,000 Money Very wealthy, established nation with a treasury New government with very little money Industry Developed and growing industry Almost no industry Military Large, well trained army with mercenaries too Volunteer forces that were poorly equipped Leaders Many well-trained officers The territory was called Jersey and divided into two parts: East and West Jersey. James, the Duke of York, gave Delaware to William Penn in 1682, who said that he needed the land to secure his own colony of Pennsylvania. The 13 Original U.S. Colonies . People were very religious in the American colonies. The events in the timeline affected the development of government in the thirteen colonies by — answer choices . He created a government where he made the laws with the consent of the freemen landowners in the colony. Year Founded = Identify the year the colony was founded. It favored large land ownership, eventually leading to the plantation system. They produced iron and textiles. Because the American colonies were very far away from Great Britain they often had to solve their problems alone. Many of them left Europe because they could not believe in their faith freely. This led to a war between England and France in the middle of the 18 th century. They raised cattle that gave them meat, milk and butter and kept chicken and sheep. William named the capital of his colony as Philadelphia. They taught the colonists how to grow crops and survive the harsh winters. The colony was named after the English king, James I. (if you do not have access to yours, do not stress, we have books!) The Connecticut colony was founded in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River, part of a movement of people who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony to find better land. The first factories appeared in the Middle Colonies. Colonial families often paid a teacher to run a private grammar school which taught them maths, Latin and other subjects. 13 Colonies Founders This interactive page provides biographical information on nine important "founders" in Colonial America including John Smith, John Rolfe, Christopher Newport, Lord Baltimore, William Penn, Thomas Hooker and more. Englands colonization in the new world led to the Thirteen Colonies made up of … Many European kings and queens forced their people to have the same religion that they had. Peter led the colony beginning in 1647. A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea, smuggled into Britain's North American colonies. Back to History for Kids By 1750 there were 13 English colonies in North America. original 13 USA colonies, founders of the original 13 colonies, dates the original 13 colonies were founded, New York (1626) - Originally founded by the Dutch. Complete the chart by defining and analyzing each item. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government. In 1752 Georgia became a royal colony, and the British Parliament selected its royal governors. As there were no churches people went to meeting houses to pray together. Saved by Kelly Butler. At that time, New Hampshire was known as the Upper Province of Massachusetts. American colonists were very religious people. Massachusetts 1620 1629 William Bradford John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. 10. Below are excerpts from colonial era founding documents citing these religious references. And sheep not stress, we have books! 3 review your 13 colonies, and parts of.... `` colonial Life: government property could vote religious freedom have access to yours, do not have to... William Bradford - Massachusetts Bay 3, 2014 - Thirteen colonies Chart Thirteen. 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