Iodine………1.5 mg/kg (maximum 50 mg/kg) In order for a dog food to be marketed as “complete and balanced”, it must meet the nutritional standards established by AAFCO. Sciences is the leading provider of nutrient recommendations for dogs and cats.4 The NRC publications form the basis for Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient profiles, which are updated rou-tinely.5 AAFCO provides a mechanism for developing and implementing Eventually, in response to consumer demand, the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) was formed. Dogs are fed the food according to strict procedures. These AAFCO nutrient profiles for dog foods presume an energy density of 3.5 kcal ME/g dry matter. Dogs over the age of one are considered adults, except for some large and giant breeds who do not fully mature until age two. Although dogs and cats can synthesize vitamin C in levels sufficient to prevent signs of deficiency, supplementation may provide additional health benefits because vitamin C functions as a free radical scavenger and an antioxidant in the body. Pantothenic Acid..10 mg/kg For information on how to request permission to translate our work and for any other rights related query please click here. Niacin……….11.4 mg/kg The National Academies Press and the Transportation Research Board have partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to offer a variety of options for reusing our content. For a product to be Complete and Balanced, it must meet or exceed AAFCO specifications. — Crop and Plant Production, Agriculture Sodium………..0.3% There are two dog food nutrient profiles: Adult Maintenance and Growth and Reproduction. Protein 30%. It's recommended that a ten-poun… Therefore, there must be a supply of these nutrients in sufficient amounts in the diet. The final version of this book has not been published yet. A PDF is a digital representation of the print book, so while it can be loaded into most e-reader programs, it doesn't allow for resizable text or advanced, interactive functionality. What are AAFCO dog food nutrient profiles? In a few cases, excess amounts of certain nutrients can be damaging so maximum levels are also listed in AAFCO guidelines. When buying pet food, choose only those products that carry the statement “Formulated to meet the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profile for…” because they follow these guidelines. Dogs cannot synthesize these nutrients themselves. All Rights Reserved. a Nutrient requirements are indicated on a dry-matter basis and are per kg of diet, not per kg of body weight of animal. Magnesium…..0.04% (maximum 0.3%) Vitamin B12…..0.022 mg/kg Thiamine………1 mg/kg Most commercial dog and cat foods are fortified with vitamins to levels that exceed minimal requirements. What this means is that if you are comparing products, the moisture content of the food must be taken into consideration. Choline………1200 mg/kg, For growing puppies, pregnant and lactating bitches. A Double Standard. Rations >4 kcal/g should be corrected for energy density. One profile is for growing, pregnant or lactating dogs and one is for adult maintenance. Disclaimer: Nutrient requirements vary greatly among different species. ... (TECA) for End-Stage Ears in Dogs and Cats. Adult Maintenance: Dog foods formulated for adult maintenance have the nutrients adult dogs need. The text on the label will say: (Brand and product name) is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Nutrient Profiles for (applicable life stage). NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS OF DOGS AND CATS Ad Hoc Committee on Dog and Cat Nutrition Committee on Animal Nutrition Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS â ¢ 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Manganese……..5 mg/kg If an eBook is available, you'll see the option to purchase it on the book page. If the product is found to provide proper nutrition, it … Zinc………..120 mg/kg (maximum 1000 mg/kg) Set nutritional criteria (minimums, and in some cases, maximums) for essential nutrients for dogs and cats. AAFCO does not regulate, test, approve or certify pet foods in any way. Unless otherwise listed, all values are minimum requirements: Protein………18% Iron…………80 mg/kg (maximum 3,000 mg/kg) "(Product name) is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles." These AAFCO nutrient profiles for dog foods presume an energy density of 3.5 kcal ME/g dry matter. the AAFCO Nutrient Profile and digestibility is expressed in decimal equivalents. Many years ago, little thought or research was put into the manufacture of pet food, or the proper way to feed our pets. Calcium……0.6% (maximum 2.5%) We publish prepublications to facilitate timely access to the committee's findings. Vitamin E…….50 IU/kg (maximum 1000 IU/kg) Phosphorus…….0.8% An uncorrected copy, or prepublication, is an uncorrected proof of the book. It's advised that puppies between 12 and 33 pounds receive 56 grams of protein per day and 21 grams of fat. Despite significant advances, the importance and proper levels of some nutrients are still under investigation. Folic Acid……0.18 mg/kg Vitamin D……500 IU/kg (maximum 5000 IU/kg) Search Search. One-fourth of the dogs (or two) can be removed from the trial because of non-nutritional reasons and their data doesn’t have to be included in the results. Check the labels and compare products. For now, the minimum levels of nutrients that should be included in pet foods are listed. An uncorrected copy, or prepublication, is an uncorrected proof of the book. Abdominal Ultrasounds in Pets. The maximum for those listed does not change. Air Travel with Your Pets. The recommendations of AAFCO, for instance, may change when additional information about nutritional health in dogs becomes available. The nutrients are listed on a dry matter basis. The daily nutritional requirements of your dog depends on its age and activity level. As an example, the NRC lists the minimum crude protein requirement for puppies to be met by formulas containing 18% crude protein on a dry matter basis with the digestibility of the protein sources estimated to be near 100%. Fat…………….8% Further broken down into specific amino acid requirements. TPLO (Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy) in Dogs. They will not account for increased needs for dogs exposed to excessive t oxic burdens or dogs who are sporting dogs. Protein………..22% The objectives of FEDIAF’s Guidelines for Complete and Complementary Pet Foods for Cats and Dogs are: To confirm the basic nutrient levels required in cat and dog food and the industry adhere to these when manufacturing their wide range of products and recipes under biochemical, bacteriological and organoleptic control. Recommended Daily Allowances for Essential Nutrients Current AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles. Click here to obtain permission for Nutrient Requirements of Dogs. Fat…………..5% Example: FEDIAF, NRC, and AAFCO will present guidelines for amounts of nutrients providing antioxidant functions. — Animal Health and Nutrition, NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY, Republish or display in another publication, presentation, or other media, Use in print or electronic course materials and dissertations, Share electronically via secure intranet or extranet. Additionally, puppies have different micronutrient requirements in comparison to adult dogs. The IHC Group. Their primary function was to publish feed regulations and ingredient definitions. We publish prepublications to facilitate timely access to the committee's findings. The CNES increased the minimum recommended amount for total fat in the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles by 0.5% to 8.5% for Growth and Reproduction and 5.5% for Adult Maintenance. Fat 9%. These nutritional adequacy standards are defined by two nutrient profiles based upon a dog’s stage of life… Adult maintenance; Growth and reproduction; Where can I find the AAFCO nutrient profile for each recipe in a review? There is no AAFCO dietary requirement for vitamin C for dogs and cats, because they are able to synthesize it in the liver. Treating your Yard for Fleas and Ticks. Pricing for a pre-ordered book is estimated and subject to change. Their primary function was to publish feed regulations and ingredient definitions. Divide each nutrient value by 0.9 in order to get an accurate value. An AAFCO feeding trial typically lasts a minimum of 26 weeks and includes eight healthy dogs eating one dog food formula. Copy the HTML code below to embed this book in your own blog, website, or application. Potassium…..0.6% 9. Fiber should be included in the dog food ingredients. As a courtesy, if the price increases by more than $3.00 we will notify you. The trusted provider of veterinary information since 1955. In a few cases, excess amounts of certain nutrients can be damaging so maximum levels are also listed in AAFCO guidelines. The majority of nutrient minimums are the same except for the items listed. I’m not saying that we should do away with standards or requirements for nutrient levels in commercially produced dog foods. Pyridoxine………1 mg/kg Eventually, in response to consumer demand, the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) was formed. AAFCO Pet Food Labeling . Transporting an Injured Pet: First Aid. The six basic nutrients are water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. Most of us were taught the importance of a balanced and nutritionally complete diet. Take each nutrient amount and divide by 0.25 to obtain an accurate dry matter amount to compare to the nutrient guidelines or even to compare one food to another. Selenium……0.11 mg/kg (maximum 2 mg/kg) Proposed Revisions Edited per Comments for 2014 Official Publication. a Nutrient requirements are indicated on a dry-matter basis and are per kg of diet, not per kg of body weight of animal. There are no published nutrient profiles for senior life stages, … These trials are only run for 26 weeks and only 4 values -hemoglobin, packed cell volume, serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) and serum albumin are evaluated. Chloride…….0.09% You can pre-order a copy of the book and we will send it to you when it becomes available. The Association of American Feed Control Officials or AAFCO recommends baseline nutritional standards for a dog to sustain life. Rations >4 kcal/g should be corrected for energy density. Copper………7.3 mg/kg (maximum 250 mg/kg) If the moisture content is 10 percent, then 90 percent make up the rest of the nutrients. Since an excess of carbohydrates can be harmful, I believe a maximum level is highly desirable. We will not charge you for the book until it ships. All backorders will be released at the final established price. Growth and Reproduction. The AAFCO Dog and Cat Food Nutrient Profiles express nutrient levels on a "dry matter," or moisture-free, basis. After much research, committee investigations and feeding trials, nutrient profiles for pets were developed, and guidelines established. AAFCO publishes specific dietary nutrient requirements for cats based on one of two life stages—adult maintenance or growth/reproduction. For Adult Maintenance. Antibiotic Use in Pets. • AAFCO defined feed term – derived from plant, animal or mined, unprocessed or subject to physical, heat, rendering, purification, extraction, hydrolysis, enzymolysis or fermentation, but not subjected to chemically synthetic process. Vitamin B12….0.022 mg/kg, ©Copyright 1999 - 2020. An ebook is one of two file formats that are intended to be used with e-reader devices and apps such as Amazon Kindle or Apple iBooks. Puppies have higher requirements for amino acids, fats, vitamins, and minerals in comparison to adult dogs. It is not a requirement to meet AAFCO standards in order to sell pet food, so buyers beware. Vitamin A…..5000 IU/kg (maximum 250,000 IU/kg) You may request permission to: For most Academic and Educational uses no royalties will be charged although you are required to obtain a license and comply with the license terms and conditions. The other way to prove the food is complete is through feeding tests. To ensure your pet's health, learn which nutrients are most vital to your dog. These AAFCO recommendations of nutritional adequacy are called the AAFCO Dog and Cat Food Nutrient Profiles. Growing puppies need more protein and fat than an adult dog. For questions about using the Copyright.com service, please contact: Loading stats for Nutrient Requirements of Dogs... Subcommittee on Dog Nutrition; Committee on Animal Nutrition; Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources; National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Agriculture These are two amino acids that are naturally found in animal flesh, but do not naturally occur in plants. eBook files are now available for a large number of reports on the NAP.edu website. Vegetarian dog specialists and most companies that sell vegan dog food advise adding taurine and L-carnitine to the diets of vegan dogs. This is still a work in progress. If the food has 75 percent moisture, then the remaining nutrients make up 25 percent of the food. If the price decreases, we will simply charge the lower price.Applicable discounts will be extended. These essential nutrients are required as part of the dog’s regular diet and are involved in all of the basic functions of the body. Presently, only eight dogs are required to be in an AAFCO feeding trial and only six have to complete it for that trial to qualify. • Ingredients can be taken a part but not put together. AAFCO establishes the nutritional standards for complete and balanced pet foods, and it is the pet food company's responsibility to formulate their products according to the appropriate AAFCO standard. Chloride……..0.45% The 2012 AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Two life stages for dogs and cats have been published: growth / reproduction and adult maintenance. Nutrient requirements as outlined in NRC or FEDIAF do not focus on non-essential nutrients and their pros and cons. If the moisture content is 10 percent, then 90 percent make up the rest of the nutrients. But when it comes to knowing what nutrients our pets need to grow properly and stay healthy, we often come up short. The eBook is optimized for e-reader devices and apps, which means that it offers a much better digital reading experience than a PDF, including resizable text and interactive features (when available). Vaccine Information for Dogs, Cats, Puppies and Kittens. Guidelines stipulate the macros as well as the micro requirements down to vitamin and nutrient levels. The minimum dietary requirement has been established for many nutrients. That food is the only source of nutrition except for water. This article contains general nutritional information for dogs and cats on an adult maintenance diet. The recommendations of AAFCO, for instance, may change when additional information about nutritional health in dogs becomes available. Sodium……..0.06% Should AAFCO mandate a maximum level of carbohydrates? Minerals Calorie Content As Fed Dry Matter Kcals / kg 1,790 4,711 Kcals / cup … Unless otherwise listed, all values are minimum requirements: Protein………18% Fat…………..5% Calcium……0.6% (maximum 2.5%) AAFCO states that a minimum of eight healthy dogs are required for one trial and that the trial must last a minimum of 26 weeks where only one formulation of food is tested and is the sole source of nutrition (except for water). Divide each nutrient value by 0.9 in order to get an accurate value. The nutrient list is divided into two separate profiles. Phosphorus…0.5% (maximum 1.6%) FAT/FATTY ACIDS. AAFCO states that a minimum of eight healthy dogs are required for one trial and that the trial must last a minimum of 26 weeks where only one formulation of food is tested and is the sole source of nutrition (except for water). HOME NOTE: We were able to formulate this recipe to meet AAFCO’s requirements for a complete & balanced diet for adult dogs through using ONLY whole foods with no added vitamins and minerals. Calcium…………1% Riboflavin…..2.2 mg/kg For now, the minimum levels of nutrients that should be included in pet foods are listed. Elderly dogs, adult dogs and puppies require different levels of fat, protein, vitamins and minerals. After much research, committee investigations and feeding trials, nutrient profiles for pets were developed, and guidelines established. Copy the HTML code below to embed this book in your own blog, website, or application. What are the nutritional requirements for dogs? Growth & Reproduction: The Association of American Feed Control Officials recognizes … AAFCO Cat Food Nutrient Profiles. 75 percent moisture, then 90 percent make up 25 percent of the nutrients only of. 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