(6) It is very flexible in purpose. There is a range of sizes from 45 MWt (ABV-6M ) down to 18 MWt (ABV-3), giving 4-18 MWe outputs. The first has the lowest technological risk, but the second (FNR) can be smaller, simpler and with longer operation before refuelling. The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) is a heterogeneous MSR design which breeds its U-233 fuel from a fertile blanket of of lithium-beryllium fluoride (FLiBe) salts with thorium fluoride. Used fuel is stored around the core in the pressure vessel. In September 2016 Burns & McDonnell Engineering joined the project as architectural and engineering partner, in parallel with the DOE five-year award. This elevated the status of the Rage to a significant place in the history of boat making as well as in the annals of the ship maker’s records. Used fuel is stored inside the reactor vessel. In March 2017 the company entered into a contract with the University of New Brunswick for validation and verification work for the IMSR. Secondary coolant salt is FLiNaK, at 700°C. The Rise of Nuclear Technology 2.0 – Tractebel's Vision on Small Modular Reactors, Tractebel (November 2020), Big Book of Warfare...and other stuff chapter on U.S. Army Nuclear Reactors on Alternate Wars website Southern is developing an MSR, the Molten Chloride Fast Reactor (MCFR). The mPower reactor is modular in the sense that each unit is a factory-made module and several units would be combined into a power station of any size, but most likely a 380 MWe twin-unit plant and using approx 200 MWe turbine generators (also shipped as complete modules), constructed in three years. If the practical-reactor designer errs, he wears the mistake around his neck; it cannot be erased. Explore boat manufacturers, brands and discover which ones best suit your boating activities with a selection of popular brands and boat types. to 2400lbs. There is no online processing – this takes place in a centralized plant at the end of the core life – with off-gassing of some fission products meanwhile. A larger Russian factory-built and barge-mounted unit (requiring a 12,000 tonne vessel) is the VBER-150, of 350 MWt, 110 MWe. A 40-year operating lifetime is expected. "As the tenth evolution of the boiling water reactor, the BWRX-300 represents the simplest, yet most innovative BWR design since GE began developing nuclear reactors in 1955.". 98, No. The CAP150 is an earlier version, 450 MWt/150 MWe, with eight integral steam generators. Units would have a ten-year lifetime, after which the module would be returned to the factory for refuelling. Already operating in a remote corner of Siberia are four small units at the Bilibino co-generation plant. In the USA coal-fired units retired over 2010-12 averaged 97 MWe, and those expected to retire over 2015-25 average 145 MWe. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) defines 'small' as under 300 MWe, and up to about 700 MWe as 'medium' – including many operational units from the 20th century. Terrapower section on the Intellectual Ventures website They operate at or near atmospheric pressure and have passive safety features (most have convection circulating the primary coolant). It uses improved HTTR fuel elements with 14% enriched uranium achieving high burn-up (120 GWd/t). But any small unit such as this will potentially have a funding profile and flexibility otherwise impossible with larger plants. The company expects both design certification and construction permit in 2018, and commercial operation of the first two units in 2022. 450 MWt/150 MWe, having spent some $ 130 million on licensing to 2013. 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